Erlanger, A. L.

Erlanger, A. L.
   In Cleveland, Abraham Lincoln Erlanger began his theatrical association by selling opera glasses at Ellsler's Academy of Music. Mark Hanna bought the theatre and hired Erlanger as treasurer, instructing the young man in ruthless business practices. Erlanger later joined Marc Klaw in what would become a long, profitable producing partnership. They set up the Klaw & Erlanger Exchange in New York, an agency representing stage stars including Joseph Jefferson III, Effie Ellsler, and Fanny Davenport. The chaotic booking practices that existed for touring companies in the 1890s impelled Klaw & Erlanger to join with other producers to organize the Theatrical Syndicate or Trust. The Syndicate became virtually all-powerful, able to effectively blacklist rebellious performers or producers by preventing their use of Syndicate-owned theatres. With the advent of motion pictures, Klaw & Erlanger's control declined significantly.
   Loathed by many in the theatrical profession, Erlanger had defenders, including George M. Cohan, Charles Dillingham, and Florenz Ziegfeld Jr., for whom he bankrolled the first Ziegfeld Follies in 1907. Erlanger produced many plays in his own name and quietly financed others, including The Great Metropolis (1890), Ben-Hur (1899), Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm (1910), Kismet (1911), and numerous musicals, including Cohan's Forty-Five Minutes from Broadway (1906). Despite his harsh business tendencies, Erlanger was a lover of culture who traveled frequently and was obsessed with collecting memorabilia and art about Napoleon. Erlanger sold off most of his theatrical interests by 1921, but he continued to produce plays until his death.

The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater. .

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  • Erlanger — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Abraham L. Erlanger (1859–1930), amerikanischer Theaterproduzent Camille Erlanger (1863–1919), französischer Komponist Carlo von Erlanger (1872–1904), deutscher Forschungsreisender und Ornithologe Emile… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Erlanger — is a German surname derived from the city of Erlangen. It may refer to:* A.L. Erlanger * Camille Erlanger, French composer * Joseph Erlanger * Steven Erlanger, American journalistErlanger may also refer to: * Erlanger, Kentucky * Klaw Erlanger, a …   Wikipedia

  • ERLANGER — (D Erlanger), family of German bankers, originating in Frankfurt. RAPHAEL ERLANGER (1806–1878) learned banking with the Rothschilds and eventually established in Frankfurt his own bank, Erlanger and Sons, which was mainly concerned with the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Erlanger — Erlanger, KY U.S. city in Kentucky Population (2000): 16676 Housing Units (2000): 6865 Land area (2000): 8.327909 sq. miles (21.569184 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.097036 sq. miles (0.251322 sq. km) Total area (2000): 8.424945 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Erlanger, KY — U.S. city in Kentucky Population (2000): 16676 Housing Units (2000): 6865 Land area (2000): 8.327909 sq. miles (21.569184 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.097036 sq. miles (0.251322 sq. km) Total area (2000): 8.424945 sq. miles (21.820506 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Erlanger — Joseph …   Scientists

  • Erlanger —   [ əːlæȖə], Joseph, amerikanischer Neurophysiologe, * San Francisco (Calif.) 5. 1. 1874, ✝ Saint Louis (Missouri) 5. 12. 1965; 1906 10 Professor in Wisconsin, danach in Washington; erforschte mit H. S. Gasser unter Verwendung des… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Erlanger — Nom allemand désignant sans doute celui qui est originaire de la ville bavaroise d Erlangen …   Noms de famille

  • Erlanger — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Erlanger est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Émile d Erlanger (1832 1911) banquier et investisseur allemand ; Camille Erlanger …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Erlanger — ► C. del SE de Alemania, estado de Baviera, al N de Nuremberg; 100 800 h. Erlanger, Joseph …   Enciclopedia Universal

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